Important measures in conservative treatment of chronic kidney disease are:
Meticulous treatment of underlying primary conditions such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, urinary tract infection or obstruction, glomerulonephritis etc.
Strict blood pressure control (BP 130/80 mm of Hg).
Early use of ACE inhibitor or angiotensin II receptor–blocker therapy to control BP and reduce proteinuria.
Protein restriction to preserve kidney function.
Supportive treatment of symptoms of kidney failure (i.e. use of diuretics to increase volume of urine and reduce swelling, treatment of nausea and vomiting etc).
Lipid lowering therapy and correction of anemia.
Avoid painkillers (such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), avoid certain natural medicines contain heavy metals and toxic substances which can cause damage to the kidney, give up smoking and tobacco products and limit alcohol intake to protect kidneys.
Additional information on Chronic Kidney Disease: Treatment, Page : 53